EMPLOYMENT MARKET INFORMATION PROGRAMME
The main objectives of the Employment Market Information (EMI) Programme are: -
· to provide information at short intervals about the structure of employment in the public and private sectors at the area, state and national levels and also to monitor the changes in the level of employment
· to present occupational composition and educational profile of employees in the public and private sector establishments.
· to identify the occupations which are characteristic to a given industry.
· to assess the manpower shortages in various industries and in various occupations in the organised sector.
· to make available information required for career counseling and vocational guidance through the National Employment Service.
· to monitor the progress in generating employment in organized sector during the five year Plans.
The data collected under the EMI programme covers only the Organised Sector of the economy which inter-alia covers all establishments in the Public Sector irrespective of their size and non-agricultural establishments in the Private Sector employing 10 or more persons. While the information from non-agricultural establishments in the Private Sector employing 25 or more persons is collected under the provisions of of the Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959 , data from the establishments employing 10-24 persons is collected on a voluntary basis.
Under the EMI programme collection of data is done following the “establishment reporting system”. The establishments are required to furnish at regular intervals details about the number of persons they employ by sex, vacancies that have occurred and the type of persons, which are in short supply. This information relates only to ’Employers’ and ‘Employees’. Employers include Owners, Proprietors, Managers, Working Partners, or Directors of Firms/Companies who work full time for the firms/companies.
The EMI programme was initiated in the year 1955 as a Pilot Project in Delhi, which was subsequently extended to selected areas (Districts) in various States during the Second Five-Year Plan period. At present the EMI Programme is being implemented in all the States and Union Territories of the country except Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep. The programme could not be extended to these States/UTs so far due to administrative reasons. The smaller establishments employing 10-24 persons in the Private Sector in metropolitan areas of greater Mumbai and Kolkata are also not being covered owing to administrative reasons.
The EMI data are furnished by the establishments through ER-I and ER-II returns. The return ER-I is used for the collection of information from the establishments at quarterly intervals (i.e. as on 31st March, 30th June, 30 September and 31st December of each year) relating to Employment, Vacancies, Manpower shortages, The return ER-II is used for collection of information relating to Occupational and Educational details of the employees. This is collected once in two years and as on 30th September.
ORGANISATION OF THE PROGRAMME
The information collected through ER-I is scrutinised, tabulated and disseminated at the area, state and national level. The employment exchanges prepare Area Employment Market Reviews to indicate employment situation in the organised sector within the district. The State Directors of Employment also prepare state level Employment Reviews showing employment situation prevailing at the State level. At the National level, on the basis of information supplied by the State/UT Governments, Quick Estimate of Employment, Quarterly and Annual Employment Reviews are prepared and published by the Directorate General of Employment and Training projecting the overall picture of Employment in the organised sector in different States/UTs.
The information collected through ER-II are processed at national level (DGE&T) and industry wise occupational and educational profile of the employment in organized sector generated and published.
LIMITATIONS OF EMI DATA
The EMI Programme does not cover: -
a) Employment in the un-organized sector.
b) Self Employment
c) Part-time employment
d) Employment in agricultural and allied establishments except plantation
e) Employment in household Sector and non-agricultural establishments employing less than 10 workers in Private Sector.
f) Employment in Defence forces.
g) Employment in Indian Embassies and Missions abroad.
Other limitations of EMI Programme are: -
a) The frame of establishments maintained at local employment exchange may not always be comprehensive in certain cases due to non-inclusion of new establishments and non deletion of closed establishments.
b) There is an element of estimation of employment in respect of non-responding establishments.
· Quick estimates of employment in organized sector.
· Quarterly Employment Review.
· Annual Employment Review
· Occupational - Educational profile of employees in India.